Performance of Manufacturing Industries in Different countries in Industrial Wave
In twenty-first century, manufacturing industries in different countries have distinctly specific skills to thrive in the industrial wave.
Focus on equipment in Germany
In Germany, the manufacturing industries do good job in advanced equipment and automated production lines. They tend to incorporate various innovations into various parts, devices and devices. The company try to minimize the natural impact of human beings in the production process, and to decompose everything into a part that a machine (or a human can behave like a machine) can performe easily.
The German manufacturing industry has maintained a leading position in the era of globalization. It benefits a lot from the system guarantee of German manufacturing technology innovation and standardization. For scientific and technological innovation: the German governments attach great importance to scientific research innovation and achievements transformation of manufacturing, strive to establish a collection scientific research development, the achievements, knowledge dissemination and manpower training for the integration of scientific research innovation system.
German companies have spent numerous expenses in research and development, which account for about 3% of GDP, ranking among the world's largest. In the terms of standardization and quality certification system, Germany adopts rigorous attitudes and has done much in industrial standards and quality certification system, which contributes a lot for the manufacturing of Germany's leading position in the world.
Emphasis on human capital in Japan
In japan, human capital plays a crucial role in the industrialization. Japan is known for the artisan spirit and professional spirit. For Japanese companies, employees are most valuable in production process, the trust of the people is far more than the trust in equipment, data and system. all the automation and informatization construction is supposed to help people to better work, thus, the Japanese companies never talks about unmanned factory. If China wants to learn artisan spirit, the priority is to learn from the organization culture and system of Japanese artisans.
Attaching much to science and technology also facilitates a lot to the powerful manufacturing industry in Japan. In the 1960 s, Japan gradually shafted emphasis from application to basic research, in terms of technology research and development, Japan has three indicators leading in the world: first, the proportion of R&D expenditure to GDP is the largest in the world. Second, the proportion of R&D funds led by enterprises occupy the largest position in the world. Third, Japan's core technology patents account for more than 80% of the world.
In terms of technology education, Japanese ordinary preschool and school education will not teach students any specific vocational skills, but they pay great attention to cultivating children's interest in technical research. Moreover, the higher status of skilled blue-collar workers in society is one of reasons why Japan's manufacturing industry is strong in the world.
Attention to the data application in American
American relies greatly on data to acquire new knowledge. Data has tremendous contribution to the problem’s solving in manufacturing industry. Data can help facilitate customer relationship management, quality management and supply chain management in the process of production, Therefore, the United States produced a lot of advanced manufacturing software and networks.
Compared with Japan and Germany, the United States pays most attention to the role of data in the way to solve the problem, the application of data exists in many aspects. Such as customer demand analysis, quality management in the process of production, supply chain management and so on.
In addition to the data from the production system, the United States also put forward a concept “PLM” involved in the whole product life cycle, to achieve value-added services and closed - loop design in product lifecycle. Application of data can help Americans to acquire knowledge and play an important role in the manufacturing industry.
What can China do in the tide of industrialization? China has put forward the strategy “Made in China in 2025”. The strategy includes two respects: on the one hand, it aims to create 15 manufacturing innovation centers by 2020, aiming to form 40 manufacturing innovation centers by 2025. On the other hand, we should strive to develop smart equipment and products, and promote the intellectualization of production processes, foster new modes of production, thus, to comprehensively improve the intelligence level of enterprise R&D, production, management and service.
Chinese innovation as a whole is still deficient in many areas. The historical experience of Germany, the United States and Japan shows that the process from imitation to independent innovation is necessary to upgrading of science and technology innovation capability. In this process, China's manufacturing industry still face many tremendous challenges. And China’s manufacturing industries are supposed to strive to speed the pace of independent innovation, transforming China from a pure big manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country.